Sapphire is a gem quality variety of the mineral corundum. It is the second hardest substance on earth after diamond.Significant sapphire deposits are found in Eastern Australia, Thailand, Sri Lanka, China (Shandong), Madagascar, East Africa, and in North America in a few locations, mostly in Montana. Sapphire is the birthstone for September and the gem of the 5th and 45th anniversaries.
Sapphires come in a variety of colors. Preferred sapphires have strong to vivid color saturation, regardless of hue.
Blue sapphires typically have some inclusions, but they generally have better clarity than rubies.
Sapphire is often cut with a brilliant pattern on the crown and a step cut pattern on the pavilion.
Blue sapphires range in size, and large blue sapphires are more readily available than large rubies.
Intensely saturated and velvety, rare sapphires from Kashmir set the standard for blue
The world most famous engagement ring Kate Middleton and Princess Diana sapphire.
A rare and valuable pinkish-orange sapphire named from the Sinhalese for lotus blossom.